Also known in the medical vernacular as “simple phobias”, phobias are intense fears that develop in relation to specific things, places or events. Some major types of phobias include
- Animal phobias (e.g. fear of spiders, dogs, mice, etc.)
- Transportation-related (e.g. fear of flying, fear of driving)
- Environmental phobias (e.g. claustrophobia, fear of heights, fear of open spaces)
- Anatomy-related (e.g. fear of blood, needles, vomiting)
The fear associated with the phobia can range from mild to highly distressing and may even manifest itself as a full-blown panic attack. Symptoms may include heart palpitations, sweating, mind going blank, trembling, intense fear or dread, racing thoughts and crying jags. In particular you will want to remove yourself from the situation that is causing you so much anxiety.
What causes phobias? There can be different contributing factors including: being exposed in an unpleasant way to the situation/object of your fear or watching others have negative reactions to the feared object/situation (anxiety can be “contagious”). Genetic factors also may play a role as phobias sometimes run in families.
Phobias vary in the degree that they affect one’s life. A taxi driver with a driving phobia would suffer a significant effect on his or her lifestyle, and in this case livelihood, whereas someone in Venice, where cars are not permitted, would likely feel little impact in his or her daily affairs. Usually it is when the specific phobia is infringing significantly on someone’s life that they seek help.
If you are in this position and want to make a meaningful change in your life, call or email me today.
Treatment for Phobias
Our avoidance of our phobia(s) is what maintains them and stops us from recovering from them. The primary treatment of phobias is to gradually face what we are afraid of. This is done by graduated exposure, or coming up with a list of feared situations associated with the phobia. The fear associated with the situations is then rated, with the least feared situation being faced first. One can start this approach at home or work with a therapist trained in this area, for additional support and tips.