PTSD, now classified as a “trauma and stress related disorder” in the DSM V, instead of its former classification as an anxiety disorder, develops in response to a traumatic event. The definition of triggering events was more expansive in the fourth edition of the manual; currently a triggering event is defined as “exposure to actual or threatened death, serious injury or sexual violation.” Triggers can be associated with events related to:
Features of PTSD include:
Not everyone that experiences trauma develops PTSD. Here to Help BC estimates that about 15% of those exposed to trauma will go on to develop PTSD. The reasons for this are not clear. Many believe it is a complex combination of childhood experiences, previous traumatic events and biology. As noted above, for an official diagnosis of PTSD, there needs to be a triggering event involving exposure to actual/threatened death/serious injury or sexual violation. Unofficially, a person may experience classic symptoms of PTSD in response to a trigger that does not meet this revised definition. The survivor’s experience remains very real, very legitimate, even without the label.
Seminal text on the neurobiology of trauma.
A gentle approach to trauma resolution, emphasizing the importance of choosing strategies that work well for you personally.
Assists victims, immediate family members and some witnesses in coping with the effects of violent crime by providing qualifying individuals with financial benefits to help offset financial losses and assist in recovery.
A resource list of lower-cost professional counselling options in Vancouver. Corrections and suggestions welcome.
Individual and group counselling on a sliding scale.
Counselling for children, youth, families and adults who have experienced sexual abuse or trauma.
National organization promoting mental health for all.
604-675-3700 – Joseph and Rosalie Segal Centre, Vancouver Hospital, Level 1, East Entrance
24/7 phone, walk-in and outreach support for urgent, non life-threatening mental health and addictions issues.
BC-based website offering comprehensive information on a wealth of mental health conditions and addictions concerns.